Rarely will asbestos that has been removed from a structure be disposed of at the same worksite. It will usually need to be transported from one location to another, and the method of and persons responsible for transportation must be outlined in the notification that must be filed before abatement work begins. States may have additional requirements, but the federal regulations for asbestos transportation can be found in the Federal Register under 40 CFR Part 61 Subpart M (National Emission Standard for Asbestos) and 49 CFR 107 (Hazardous Materials Program Procedures).
A Class 9 Hazardous Substance
The Department of Transportation defines asbestos as a Class 9 Hazardous Substance, meaning that it is dangerous to transport but does not meet the requirements for another class (i.e. it is not explosive, infectious, corrosive, etc.). Asbestos must be transported so that no emissions of the material are let off into the air. The first step is to properly package the materials in at least two layers of plastic and clearly label them as containing asbestos. Unless the vehicle transporting the asbestos belongs to the homeowner, it must also be labeled with the words “Danger,” “Asbestos Dust Hazard,” “Cancer and Lung Disease Hazard,” and “Authorized Personnel Only.”
Records must also be kept of the name and address of the location the waste is coming from, the name and location of the disposal site, and the name and address of the local agency responsible for overseeing asbestos removal and disposal in the area. The amount of asbestos-containing waste, as measured in cubic meters, must also be included. A certification must be obtained that identifies the material as properly packaged, marked, and ready to ship.
Once the asbestos-containing materials have been transported, the operator of the waste disposal site must sign the shipment record and return it to the owner of the original site from which the materials were removed within 35 days. If more than 45 days pass and the signed records are not returned, the owner of the original site should contact the local agency responsible for asbestos.