Five Types of Mesothelioma and Their Causes

In the final part of this five-part blog series, pericardial mesothelioma will be addressed. The pericardium is the lining that surrounds and protects the heart. When mesothelioma affects this lining, it's known as pericardial mesothelioma. This type of mesothelioma is quite rare and also quite severe. Its severity is generally due to the fact that the tumors are spread out, covering the entire membrane around the heart. The diffuse nature of the tumors as well as their proximity to the heart makes pericardial mesothelioma particularly difficult to treat. Pericardial mesothelioma is the second rarest type, after testicular mesothelioma. According to the American Cancer Society, there have been fewer than 150 cases of pericardial mesothelioma reported. This form of the disease accounts for about one to six percent of all mesothelioma cases. Like all mesotheliomas, the cause of this type is asbestos exposure. Symptoms may not present for decades after asbestos exposure, and when they do, they can easily be mistaken for symptoms of the common cold or flu. The American Cancer Society lists common symptoms for pericardial mesothelioma as: ·         Shortness of breath ·         Chest pain ·         Chronic cough ·         Fatigue after only light exertion ·         Heart palpitations ·         Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) ·         Murmurs ·         Fever or night sweats ·         Difficulty breathing, even when at rest (dyspnea) ·         Orthopnea (difficulty breathing when lying down) Because fluid builds up around the heart with pericardial mesothelioma, some of these symptoms are a result of that swelling or the tumors themselves. Pericardial mesothelioma causes certain symptoms directly, which are low blood pressure, fainting, fluid retention in the legs, and heart palpitations. Anyone exposed to asbestos at any time should get regular and frequent medical screenings for mesothelioma, especially if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed in this blog series. Early detection is currently very difficult, but progress is being made in scientific research toward new tests for mesothelioma that will diagnose it much sooner, resulting in an improved mesothelioma prognosis. Treatment options include radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, and medication. For pericardial mesothelioma, however, there is an additional procedure used to treat the symptoms of swelling. Procedures to drain the fluid from around the heart can help to reduce the seriousness of related symptoms. This concludes the five-part blog series about five types of mesothelioma and their causes. References: Previous: $25 Million Awarded to Former Exxon Employee With Mesothelioma Next: Asbestos Filter Suit Wins California Man $1.36 Million