Five Types of Mesothelioma: Epithelial mesothelioma

In the second part of this blog series, epithelial mesothelioma will be examined. Epithelial mesothelioma is one of three major categories of mesothelioma: sarcomatous, epithelial, and mixed. Of all asbestos-related cancers, epithelial mesothelioma is the most common. Although it has the best prognosis of the three major types, the mesothelioma life expectancy is still just up to a single year. Epithelial tissue lines all the internal cavities of the body. It is made up of continuous sheets of cells known as epithelium. Anything going into or out of the body passes through at least one layer of epithelial tissue. Epithelial mesothelioma is a higher-level category of mesothelioma that means cancer cells growing on any epithelial tissue. More specific types of mesothelioma can be identified based on which area of the body is affected. For example, if cancer forms in the epithelial tissue around the heart, the specific type is pericardial mesothelioma. If the cancer cells form in the epithelial tissue of the lungs, the specific type is pleural mesothelioma. If the cancer forms in the epithelial tissue of the abdomen, it is referred to as peritoneal or abdominal mesothelioma. And in rare cases, cancer will form in the epithelial tissue around the testicles, which is called testicular mesothelioma. Diagnosing epithelial mesothelioma usually requires a radiology and pathology exam. Doctors will also ask about any previous asbestos exposure.  Once diagnosed, there are certain treatments and therapies that might be available to help lessen mesothelioma symptoms. Common therapies include chemotherapy and radiation. It is also quite common that patients will require one or more surgeries. In the next installment of this five-part blog series, pleural mesothelioma will be addressed. References: Previous: Five types of mesothelioma and their causes: Pleural mesothelioma Next: Five Types of Mesothelioma: Testicular Mesothelioma